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Unformatted text preview: Other Jews who arrived in the United States in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries came from Central Europe and spread throughout the United States, establishing communities in almost every state. These Jews had suffered persecution in Europe since the First Crusade in the eleventh century and were often forced by government authorities to live in ghettos. Even though the civil life of Jews in the German states and in Western Europe had improved by 1820, other factors prompted large numbers of German Jews to immigrate to the United States. These included economic downturns and regular eruptions of anti-Semitism (hatred of Jews). Moreover, it was almost impossible for Jews to exist as small retailers if the peasants with whom they did business were leaving the rural areas for the cities. Also, Jewish population was increasing heavily the number of Jews tripled during the nineteenth century, and the need for better...
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- Fall '11