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To Holden - ToHolden,"phony"isoneofHolden') .,ranging

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To Holden, Pencey and the other prep schools that he has attended represent all that is artificial  ("phony" is one of Holden's favorite words to describe this artificiality) and all that is despicable about  any institution controlled by adults. The schools are filled with lies and cruelty, ranging in degree from  the relatively harmless Pencey school motto ("Since 1888 we have been molding boys into splendid,  clear-thinking young men.") to the brutally forced suicide of James Castle at Elkton Hills. Holden resents the adult world and resists entry into it, but he has little choice. Society and his own  body are telling him that it is time for him to change. He is attracted to the trappings of adulthood:  booze, cigarettes, the  idea  of sex, and a kind of independence. But he despises the compromises,  loss of innocence, absence of integrity, and loss of authenticity in the grown-up world. He seems 
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