Unit 2, Part1 One reason why some people support the establishment of term limits in the House and Senate is that this would increase turnover and get new faces into Congress. Over the past several decades, the ________ and the ________ have benefited most from apportionment. South; West What is the MOST common occupation among members of Congress before coming to Congress? lawyer Which is not a way in which incumbent legislators get reelected? constituent bribing In recent years, about ________ percent of U.S. House incumbents won reelection. 93 The term “ pork barrel” refers to appropriations made by legislative bodies for local projects that are often not needed but that are created so that local representatives can win reelection in their home districts. A member of the House of Representatives that helps a constituent apply for Social Security benefits is engaging in constituency service. A senator or representative running for reelection is called the incumbent. In Baker v. Carr , the Supreme Court ruled that districts should be relatively equal to reflect the principle of _____. one person, one vote Gerrymandering refers to the manipulation of electoral districts to serve the interests of a particular group. Who decides which committee assignments members of the House of Representatives receive? each party’s own steering and policy committee Over what does the House Ways and Means Committee have jurisdiction? taxes, trade, and entitlement programs How is the Speaker of the House determined?
The elected leader of the majority party in the House is the Speaker. Who has the MOST real power in the Senate? the majority and minority leaders Congressional leaders form ________ committees when they want to take up an issue that falls between the jurisdiction of existing committees, to highlight an issue, or to investigate a particular problem. select Which of the following is a type of congressional committee that is permanent and contains members of both the House of Representatives and Senate? joint The House Rules committee is important because it decides the order in which bills come up for a vote on the House floor and determines the specific rules that govern the length of debate and opportunity for amendments. A filibuster allows members of the Senate to prevent a vote on a bill by speaking continuously on the floor. How can Congress override a president’s veto? a two-thirds vote in both chambers Compared to the rest of American history, recent congresses have been ________ polarized and ________ productive in terms of passing laws. more; less Who is responsible for communicating the leaders’ wishes to members in Congress? the party whips A senator who agrees to vote for a tax cut bill that he or she disagrees with in order to receive another senator’s vote on a climate change bill that he or she has proposed is engaged in logrolling. / cloturing. /insider trading.
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