Lecture 5 Aristotle - VIRTUE The one complete good(for...

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VIRTUE ETHICS September 26
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Philosophy Writing Help Workshops Friday, September 30th, 12:00 - 13:30 in Woodsworth College, Room 121 (119 St. George St.) Thursday, October 13th, 16:30 - 18:00 in Woodsworth College, Room 126 (119 St. George St.) Monday, October 24th, 16:30 - 18:00 in the J ackman Humanities Building, Room 100 (170 St. George St.) Philosophy Essay Clinic [email protected]
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Argument Against Ethical Egoism, Again Universal vs. individual Categorical vs. hypothetical CORRECTION: “Egoism includes morality” argument Psychological explanation or hypothetical altruism in disguise Satisfies categorical but not universal Assumes altruism will always serve one’s interests
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Aristotle: Virtue Ethics Ethics derived from metaphysics Naturalism Teleological ethics Instrumental goods External Of body Of soul VIRTUE
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Unformatted text preview: VIRTUE The one complete good (for humans): eudaimonia Without qualification (1097a33) Self-sufficient (1097b8-9) Refuting Plato’s Ethics The Form of the Good Arguments against Plato (starting 1096a15) No common Idea Type/token distinction Eternity Intrinsic vs. instrumental Inapplicability to action Aristotle’s Ethics Intuitive Contextual Practical FORM OF THE GOOD Good thing 1 Good thing 2 Good thing 3 Etc. Locating Virtue SOUL BODY Non-rational Rational Nutritive Appetitive Reason/Thoug ht VIRTUES OF CHARACTER VIRTUES OF THOUGHT Becoming Virtuous Virtue is a state Habituation and practice “the sources and means that develop each virtue also ruin it”(1103b8) Pleasure and pain Cf. Hedonism Upbringing...
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