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Lecture 05 - Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics Metaphysics is...

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Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics Metaphysics is the study of reality or the existence of things that are not sensible things through empirical means. Aristotle starts with metaphysical to set up his theory of ethics. Plato thought the most real things were the most invisible. Aristotle thought one could learn about things from looking at nature. Aristotle looks at nature. In nature, everything has a function. Aristotle looks for a function in humans. He believes the function of humans is to be happy. This is a teleological ethist view. There are many goods. Almost all intrinsic goods are instrumental. Health is instrumentally good, if you want sports, but its intrinsic because you should have it in itself. Instrumental goods - external instrumental goods. These are goods that we have no control of. There are instrumental goods of the body. Health is the key one. Virtue has intrinsic value but it is instrumental to the one complete good. Eudaimonia is complete for humans. Cows don’t have eudaimonia.
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