Lecture 07 - Aristotle Many instrumental goods, one...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Aristotle Many instrumental goods, one intrinsic (complete - eudaimonia) good (contra Plato) He distinguishes himself from Plato for whom the form of the good was the same thing. The form of the good is what imbues all good things. According to Aristotle, there are many goods. Good changes depending on the circumstances. Good is relative to function. The virtue of a plant is to grow, for humans to strive to eudaemonia and for animals to reproduce. Humans are unique because of reason due to the soul. There are different kinds of virtue, like virtues of character. The intellectual virtues are those of reasoning. The ultimate good for humans is eudaimonia. Virtues are a mean between two vices. The doctrine of the mean - the exact mean will vary in opposition of the good. Virtues are reflected in situation-specific actions established by phronesis (practical wisdom) Virtue is acquired through proper practice Virtue is necessary but not sufficient for happiness - it is an intrinsic good but not a complete good like eudaimonia. Virtue alone won't protect you from pain. Virtue is not self-sufficient. Aristotle thinks material things are important parts for the soul.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course PHL 275 taught by Professor Laurenb. during the Fall '11 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

Page1 / 2

Lecture 07 - Aristotle Many instrumental goods, one...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online