Lecture 09 - Benthams Utilitarian Arithmetic An individual...

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Bentham’s Utilitarian Arithmetic An individual act’s value (pleasure or pain) Intensity, duration, certainty, propinquity The “act by which it is produced” Fecundity, purity Number of people Extent John Stuart Mill He defends utilitarianism. He coins the idea of utilitarianism. Bentham called it the Greatest Happiness Principle. Mill uses the principle of utility (everyone should have happiness maximized, which is related to hedonism). Mill equates desire theory Happiness is the only thing desired. What we desire is pleasure. Mill goes from psychological egoism to ethical egoism. Mill goes through desire. He jumps from the fact that people desire happiness to the fact that happiness is the only desirable thing. Naturalistic fallacy - the jump from what is to what should be This formula is not egoistic. Utility as a first principle (an ultimate principle can explain everything else). Egoism is not ultimate according to Medlin. Consequentialism (all acts are right or wrong based on the rightness or wrongness of the
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course PHL 275 taught by Professor Laurenb. during the Fall '11 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Lecture 09 - Benthams Utilitarian Arithmetic An individual...

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