Lecture 11 - Justice and Utility Justice is one of the greatest sources of concern because utility doesnt handle justice well Mill is a hedonist He

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Justice and Utility Justice is one of the greatest sources of concern because utility doesn’t handle justice well. Mill is a hedonist. He thinks pleasure is good, pain is evil. He agrees on happiness with Aristotle, though the latter is referring to eudaimonia. The means to happiness are originally desired instrumentally. A means to happiness is desired instrumentally. If X makes you happy, then X is instrumental and happiness is intrinsic. This is Aristotelian. The ingredients of happiness become desired intrinsically as part of happiness. X is a part of happiness. This is Mill. Happiness is all we desire. Virtue is originally desired instrumentally. Mill agrees that virtue, the feeling with which we do actions/disposition to do actions, is important. Unlike Aristotle, Mill doesn’t think virtue remains instrumentally. Virtue as a species of good is not necessary. Mill moves from the strongest objections to try to establish a deductive proof, one based on irrefutable premises and that must follow from the premises without needing any more
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course PHL 275 taught by Professor Laurenb. during the Fall '11 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Lecture 11 - Justice and Utility Justice is one of the greatest sources of concern because utility doesnt handle justice well Mill is a hedonist He

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