Lecture 13 Rawls - RAWLS: DEFENCE OF UTILITARIANISM October...

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Unformatted text preview: RAWLS: DEFENCE OF UTILITARIANISM October 26 PRACTICES WITHIN UTILITARIANISM 1. Punishment Justifications for punishment Retributive (particular punishment) ◦ Deterrence (practice of punishment) ◦ “telishment” 2. Promise­keeping Ross’s concerns Rawls on promise­keeping Exceptions to promise­keeping TWO CONCEPTS OF RULES Summary Conception “Direct” utilitarianism Cases prior to rules Rules a mere guide (“rule of thumb”) – subject to re­ evaluation Cases recur, yielding general rules Practice Conception Practice justified Rules prior to cases Rules define the practice (e.g. baseball) Justification appeals to practice rules, not applications of them T YPES OF UTILITARIANISM Act­Utilitarianism Rule­Utilitarianism ­ Assess the utility of ­ Assess the utility of a each action Rawls’ Summary Conception of Rules ­ Formulate rules by adding up utility of similar actions rule that everyone is permitted to act this way Rawls’ Practice Conception of Rules ­ For actions that fall under practices, assess the utility of the practice MORAL PROBLEMS IN UTILITARIANISM Lying to promote maximum happiness Rawls Summary Conception Practice Conception Ross Transplant Utilitarian Act­ Rule­ Ross ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course PHL 275 taught by Professor Laurenb. during the Fall '11 term at University of Toronto.

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Lecture 13 Rawls - RAWLS: DEFENCE OF UTILITARIANISM October...

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