There are four distinct moments in the Phaedrus when Plato speaks of myth. In a way, mythology can be taken as theology of the Greeks. The four myths are: 1. The beginning, when Socrates and Phaedrus are alone. Phaedrus is joking about being strong while Socrates is old. There is a myth about the north wind seized and carried off. The rationalists don’t believe in myth, Socrates says. By north wind they mean this, etc. Myths are interesting because they say something that can't be said any other way. 2. The myth of the soul. This is also the myth of the charioteer. The soul is divided into three parts. The one horse is very good, the other horse is pulled the other, and the driver is being pulled one way and the other. This is in the center of the Phaedrus. 3. The myth of the cicadas. 4. The myth of thuth and thamos. Thuth has discovered a new invention: writing. He takes it to the king of the gods, thamos, and thamos says this is a terrible writing. Thuth presents this as a recipe for remembering, and thamos replies by saying this
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course VIC 201 taught by Professor Julianpatrick during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto.