Lecture 29 - prophets were opposed to the king. Ahab, king...

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The first prophet is Amos, going back to the mid 8 th century bce. Hosea, also 8 th century bce. Isaiah, first of the great prophets, then Micah. Prophets are dated by the kings they serve or by big events. Zephaniah, under the reign of Josiah. Jeremiah, the second of the great prophet, born in 646 BCE. Nahem, his prophecy shortly before the capture of Nineveh. Habakkuk, 597 BCE. Isaiah is used by the New Testament as an anticipation of itself. Haggai, the last post-exilic prophet. Zechariah, a prophet of the return to Jerusalem. Malachi, who points the defects in the newly-established Jerusalem. Jonah, swallowed by the whale. Joel and Daniel. There is an apocalyptic prophet, first encountered with Ezekiel. The prophets were originally ecstatics. They were advisors to kings, consulted as to the will of God. They uttered oracles in trances. The oracles were more in verse than prose. The role of a prophet is divining what the king wanted to hear. They were viziers. Other
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Unformatted text preview: prophets were opposed to the king. Ahab, king of Israel, and jehosephat, King of Judah. Recurrent pattern: the yes-men, the prophets. The prophet confronts the majority of the yes-men. Jesus speaks of the true prophets as martyrs. Prophets are revisionists. Old Israelite faith shifts to the prophetic concern with the future, judgment and deliverance to come. The history form has an order in which the narrative is about historical events, while the prophet form is a congeries of forms, eclectic and chaotic. Isaiah The apostasy of Israel is manifest frequently even in the wilderness. Israel is going to be destroyed by a flood. If the parting of the Sea is a creation of Israel, the flood is the decreation of Israel. Fire is associated with Sodom and in Exodus, fire is the pillar of fire, a guide by night. Sodom was destroyed by fire and becomes a type of prophesied destruction. Mountains are destructive and constructive....
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