Lecture 33 - In moving from the Old Testament to the New...

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In moving from the Old Testament to the New Testament, from one ideological frame of reference to another one, one can see that the concern is with Jesus, Christ. Christ is Greek for Messiah, Christ means the Anointed One. Jesus is a Latin from the Greek and therefore Yeshua or Joshua, so Jesus Christ is Joshua Anointed. Matthew writes for a Jewish audience. Luke writes for a Gentile audience, often thought of as a Roman audience. Matthew presents Christ as the son of King David and portrays him as the king through his genealogy, through Solomon David. Typology precedes history. Seven times through the Gospel, Christ is spoken of as the son of David, and only one does he speak of the throne of his glory. This appellation gives its royalist prejudice, and only in this Gospel is Jerusalem seen as the city of the great king. Matthew’s Gospel is the gospel of the kingdom (of Heaven). The emphasis of Christ as king shows the first four chapters as the genealogy of the king,
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