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Anthropology #3 - Anthropology-Lecture#3(Sept 24/09...

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Anthropology-Lecture #3 (Sept 24/09) - Analysis and Interpretation - Data Processing o Cleaning o Conservation - May or may not be necessary; depends on the artifact class o Cataloguing - Take home everything and apply some kind of scheme to keep track of everything - Classification o Process by whih we assign items to categories (classes) in pre-arranged system o Rules determine whether an item belongs or does not belong to a class - Data organization o One popular method of classification and analysis in material culture is through the use of typology (classification of artifact ‘states’ based on some criterion or criteria) - Were are the artifact types we recognize today also recognized by their manufacturers? In other words, are they emic or etic in nature? Emic: ‘insider’s view’ pf culture; the types was recognized by its manufacturer as meaningful Etic: ‘outsider’s view’ of culture’ the type is only meaningful to the analyst - Typically, we distinguish between: o Artifacts - Stone (Lithics) - Clay (Ceramics) - Metal - Bone (Faunal) - Plants (e.g. baskets, wooden tools n o Ecofacts
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