Anthropology #5 - Anthropology- Lecture #5 (Oct 8/09) - New...

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Anthropology- Lecture #5 (Oct 8/09) - New Ideas New Worlds - Cro-Magnon Art o Distribution: North Africa to Siberia - Major concentrations in SW France, Northern Spain, central/eastern Europe o Types: - Parietal (cave) - Open air (petrogylphs) very rare! - Mobiliary (portable) o Mobiliary art - Many different media (e.g. clay, wood, bone/antler) -only a small portion of which survives today - Engraved antler, bone and ivory - Objects often intricately carved - ‘Venus Figurines’ (one class that is widespread and enigmatic) - Fertility cult? Because of the exaggerated features and the fact that there isn’t much attention on the facial expressions o Parietal art - Engraved and painted animals (bison, horse, wild boar, ibex are common) - Humans, hands, and geometric shapes - Ochre, hematite, charcoal used as pigments o Key Sites - Most famous site: Lascaux (SW France, Dordogne) - Horse, bulls, and ibex most common depictions - Interpretations: (Henri Breuil-hunting magic, David Lewis-Williams-work of shamans, Chantal Jegues-Wolkieiwiez- abstract images as star charts) o Coa Valley Archaeological Park (documentary) - UNESCO world heritage site in NE Portugal - Thousands of open-air engravings (petroglyphs) horses, ibex, human and abstract figures - Discovered in the late 1980s, threatened with destruction by dam project in the early 1990s
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Anthropology #5 - Anthropology- Lecture #5 (Oct 8/09) - New...

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