Anthropology#6 - Anthropology Lecture#6(Oct 15/09 The Archaeology of Complexity(First Hour The Present and Future Past(Second Hour Early Food

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Anthropology- Lecture #6 (Oct 15/09) The Archaeology of Complexity (First Hour) The Present and Future Past (Second Hour) Early Food Production With food production comes a transition to the Neolithic Period ca. 8,000 BC – 5,00 BC in much of Eurasia and Africa First seen among settlements in the ‘Fertile Crescent’ (Levant, SE turkey, Iraq, SW Iran – Nile to Persian Gulf) SW Asia top primary center, Mesoamerica and South America second primary centers, South China, North China, Africa third, and North America last primary center Secondary centres received food from outside the local area, and then those foods were adapted to be grown and used in those centres. (e.g. corn) Ancient ‘High’ Civilizations Mesopotamia ca. 3200 BC Nile Valley ca. 3000 BC Indus Valley ca. 2500 BC North China ca. 2000 BC Mesoamerica ca. 1500BC South Mesoamerica ca. 1500 BC What is complex society? Typically, there are indicators – a “Ccomplex of cultural phenomena” (Flanner 1972) – such as. .. - Writing - Metallurgy - Predictive sciences (e.g. astronomy, mathematics) - Large population aggregates; urbanization - Social strafification (classes) - Occupational specialization, e.g. full-time craft specialists - Monumental architecture and public works
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Importantly, not all of these indicators are present in all ancient civilizations E.g., no writing in Ancient South America (peru) - Quipo E.g., little evidence for ostentatious display of power in Harappan (Indus Valley) civilization
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course ANT 100 taught by Professor Uoftstgeorge during the Fall '09 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Anthropology#6 - Anthropology Lecture#6(Oct 15/09 The Archaeology of Complexity(First Hour The Present and Future Past(Second Hour Early Food

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