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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology Test #2 Review Chapter 1 (page 1-33) A Dispute in Donggo: Fieldwork and Ethnography - What anthropologists do is called ethnography - Participant observation ethnography: based on the simple idea that in order to understand what people are up to, its best to observe them by interacting with them intimately and over an extended period of time (sometimes for years) o Seems to be the most effective way of understanding in depth the ways in which other people see the world and interact with it, and often provides a check on out own preconceptions and beliefs o Also uses questionnaires or collection of quantitative behavioural night Anthropologists have long felt that these approaches in studying humans are likely to produce an incomplete, and at times misleading understanding of the people studied. especially when those people are members of foreign or unfamiliar societies- Anthropology was distinguished by its concentration on primitive societies o Relatively small, non-Western communities in which social institutions appeared to be fairly limited and simple (not how it turned out!) o Social interaction was conducted almost entirely face to face o These societies were thought to provide anthropologists a simplified view of the elementary workings of society, which contrast with the complexities of modern (Western) society- Process of immersing oneself in fieldwork can be challenging and can be an unique experience - Story of Peters fieldwork with the Dou Donggo o Ina Mone was assaulted by a young man, la Ninde o Her male relatives were angry and said taking down the spears and sharpening the bush knives (calmed down when ama Tife whom was an elder assured tp convene a court and exact justice according to tradition) o La Ninde brought before a group of elders (he admitted to shouting at her but denied having laid hands on her) o Ina Mone showed her medicated face and torn shirt as evidence o La Ninde was assessed a minor fine and was made to kneel before ina Mone begging forgiveness (she gave him a symbolic slap on his head, and he was let go) o Turns out la Nide didnt actually do it but got punished. What really happened was that he got caught with another woman (la Fia) dating a man out of town and ina Mone complained to la Nides so he got angry and yelled at her (everyone in the village knew this)- What might the case mean to an ethnographer? o Case had little to do with assault and a great deal to do with respect for the institution of marriage o Ina Mone had a real vested interest in protecting the integrity of betrothals, especially the one contracted by the family of ama Panci o Why? Because ina Mones daughter was betrothed to ama Pancis son and another of ama Pancis son was betrothed to la Fia - Lessons Learned from all this?...
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