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Week five lecture culture ANTHRO

Week five lecture culture ANTHRO - ANT100 Socio-cultural...

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ANT100 : Socio-cultural anthropology Household - Nuclear family or some other unit? - Bilateral descent associated with Canadian kinship – through both mothers and fathers - Another characteristic is that it’s differentiated according to gender and generation Contrast in terms of Hawaiian kinship (did not distinguish between say father and uncle, mother and aunt) and Canadian kinship - Theory of substance relation: what is it that connects children to their parents? (Canadian: blood) - Kind of household associated with a kinship system; in Canada, the most common type of household is a household that consists of only parents and children. As soon as children marry, they will go out and set up a new household. Not all families in Canada follow this pattern. - Extended family in India consists of parents, sons, daughters in law, and grandchildren. But not married daughters – as soon as daughters were married, they moved into their husband’s household. Dayak Longhouse - In parts of Indonesia, there is an ethnic group called the Dayak, and they often lived in very large buildings/households together where basically what you have is a large extended kin group – almost an entire hamlet living together under one roof. Inside that building, often the architecture is that down the middle there is a walkway, and on either side there are rooms, and in each room is a nuclear family. Patterns of post-marriage residence - Residence is defined as neolocal rather than mpatrilocal, matrilocal, uxorilocal, virilocal, avunculocal. The new household is expected to be economically self-sufficient. (Canada?) - Neolocal New locality (Neo = New) - Patrilocal – new couple when married would live in or near the household of the father of the groom - Matrilocal – new couple when married would live in or near the parents of the bride Quality of Relationships - Affective relations like “love” between husband and wife vs. “love” between sister and brother - The notion that a husband wife relationship has to be based on love is different from in places where marriages are arranged Marriage starts to look more like an exchange of people between two families - Canadian kinship has a patriarchal dimension to it (e.g. where a father walks his daughter down the isle during marriage) Different from patrilineal kinship, where it has to do with blood and descent - - Patriarchal relations - Hypergyny in some cases – called marrying up When the bride comes from a lower social status into a higher social status - Normative vs. Actual Marriage Rules and Preferences
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- Strauss said the elementary structure of kinship are not families per say, but the patterns of exchange between families A family cannot reproduce on its’ own – the closest thing we know of to a culturally universal – a value shared by all groups, is the incest taboo - Incest taboo (Depends on who is considered part of the essential familial group – in
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