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EAS103H1- FINAL EXAM REVIEW Admonitions for Women - Textbook (60) - Notable text on women’s education - Written by scholar Ban Zhao - Urged girls to master the 7 virtues appropriate for women: o Humility o Resignation o Subservience o Self Abasement o Obedience o Cleanliness o Industry Ban Zhao - Textbook (57) - Daughter of Ban Biao (successful official) - Credited her own education to her learned father and cultured mother - Became an advocate of the education of girls - Wrote ‘Admonitions for Women’ o Object that many families taught their sons to read but not their daughters o Did not claim that they should have the same education; after all just like “yin and yang differ, men and women have different characteristics” o Women will do well if they cultivate the womanly virtues such as humility “Humility means yielding and acting respectful, putting others first and oneself last, never mentioning one’s own good deeds or denying one’s own faults, enduring insults and bearing with mistreatment, all with due trepidation” o Became one of the most commonly used texts for the education of girls Chang-an - Can’t find in textbook - An ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history Cho Kwangjo - Textbook (300) - Led censors who styled himself a moral man with better qualifications than the new political appointees at the top - Persuaded King Chungjong to allow a new “recommendation” examination to provide an opportunity for neglected outstanding scholars and men of virtue in the countryside to gain appointment to office
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- Examinations held in 1515 o Cho’s friends and supporters passed and obtained posts and immediately joined in his efforts to topple what they thought were political appointees - King Chungjong executed Cho in 1519 - To those outside the locus power thought Cho was a victim to the cause of pure Confucian government, a representative of the sarimp’a ethnical purists - Cho and associates were skillful politicians playing the moral card to gain political power Ch’oe Ch’unghon - Textbook (190, 237) - A commander who brought Yi Uimin’s rule to an end in 1196 by executing Yi, his whole family and 36 high civil officials and military commanders - Demanded King Myongjong: o Dismiss superfluous officials o Confiscate illegally acquired land o Carry out tax reform o Eliminate Buddhist influence o Eliminate monastic money lending - When the king failed to respond; he replaced him with Myongjong’s younger brother (King Sinjong) - His rule was also punctuated with turmoil, including: o 2 slave uprisings o 2 popular revolts on the eastern coast o Etc. - Ruled until his death in 1220 Choson - Was a Korean sovereign state founded by Taejo Yi Seong-gye that lasted for approximately five centuries. It was founded in the aftermath of the overthrow of the Goryeo Kingdom - Was the last royal and later imperial dynasty of Korean history - It was the longest ruling Confucian dynasty - Encouraged the entrenchment of Confucian ideals and doctrines in Korean
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