Chapter 7 notes - Chapter #7 Notes - Gender Inequality:...

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Chapter #7 Notes - Gender Inequality: Economic and Political Aspects - Introduction: o 1950s most women were expected to work at home and take care of domestic affairs (wives and mothers, while husbands had paying jobs) “provider” and “head of household” o Social roles: the behaviours that are expected of people occupying particular social position o Divorce laws revised in 1969 o Mid 70s people believed that they will share domestic responsibilities with their partner and both have paying jobs o Changed world does not mean an equal world o Gender inequality present is evident in the labour force, home and politics - Understanding Gender Inequality - Gender inequality defined o “Provider” and “caregiver” (describe expected behaviours associated with being a partner in a marriage and causes people to evaluate types of behaviour that’s “masculine” and “feminine” o Through parental behaviour, TV, movies, and print media children learn to define certain social behaviours o Gender Stereotypes: oversimplified beliefs about how men and women, by their physical sex possess different personality traits and as a result may behave differently and experience the world in different ways o Gender related identities and behaviours mostly socially constructed o 3 implications to gender being learned through social interaction: Gender identities and behaviours aren’t stable and fixed. (what people believe is “masculine” and “feminine” varies from one society and another over time) Identities and behaviours doesn’t need to be congruent with the sex assigned to individuals at birth Gender identities/behaviours aren’t polar opposites; there are degrees of masculinity and femininity o Men described as: aggressive, independent, active, competitive, logical, make decisions easily, and most of the time acts as leaders o Women: not aggressive/independent, emotional, passive, not competitive, illogical, make decisions only with difficulty, and mostly never act as leaders (survey in the 1960s, some of answers would be different nowadays) o Idea of differences is a powerful one, and masculine traits viewed as more desirable o Gender stereotypes shape our attitudes towards boys and girls o Gender Inequality: hierarchical asymmetries b/w men and women with respect to the distribution if power, material well-being and prestige. On AVERAGE men have more of all indicated above o Power: the capacity to impose your will on others, regardless of any resistance they might offer o Material Well Being: involves access to the economic resources necessary to pay for food, clothing housing and other possessions and advantages. Two important sources are: work money and savings o Prestige: average evaluation of occupational activities and positions that are arranged in a hierarchy. Reflects the degree of respect/ honour accorded to a person occupying a given position o Social Stratification: unequal ranking of groups in society in terms of prestige, material
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Chapter 7 notes - Chapter #7 Notes - Gender Inequality:...

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