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Definitions for Test #3 - Definitions for Test#3 Chapter 7...

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Definitions for Test #3 Chapter 7 Affirmative Action: Comprises the policies and programs designed to create opportunities for, and to further the achievements of, historically disadvantaged groups in the labout force. One form of action to correct past inequalities involves setting targets and quotas for the hiring and promotion of members of groups that have effaced barriers and discrimination in the past. The term is often used interchangeably with employment equity; strictly speaking, it is one aspect of employment equity. Employment Equity: is the principle of equal treatment of all groups in the labour force. Employment-equity polices and programs seek to dismantle barriers and alter workplace cultures to create opportunities for and to further the advancement of historically disadvantaged groups Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value: is a principle supported by policies and programs that seek to equalize the wage rates offered for different jobs that are of comparable worth or value in terms of such factors as knowledge complexity, responsibility and skill Feminism: refers to both the body and knowledge about the causes and nature of women’s subordination to men in society, and the various agendas, often involving political action, for removing that subordination Gender Inequalities: are inequalities b/w men and women in the distribution of prestige, material well-being, and power. They are also inequalities in relations of male domination and female subordination Gender Stereotypes: are a set of prejudicial generalizations about men and women based on the oversimplified belief that sex determines distinct personality traits and as a result causes men and women to experience the world and behave in different ways Glass Ceiling: is the level in an organization above which women and members of the minorities are seldom found Labour-Force Participation Rate: is the % of the population, age 15 and older that is in the paid labour force Material Well-Being: refers to having access to the economic resources necessary to pay for adequate food, clothing, housing and possessions Nonstandard Work: refers to one or a combination of the following types of employment: part-week employment (reduced hours per week), party year employment, limited term contract, employment through temporary help agencies, elf employment, and multiple job-holding Part-Time Work: refers to jobs with reduced hours of work Power: the capacity to influence and control others, regardless of any resistance they might offer Prestige: is the social evaluation or ranking, by general consensus, of occupational activities and positions in a hierarchical order that reflects the degree of respect, honour, or deference the person engaged in the activity or occupying the position is to be accorded Public Policy: refers to the government’s stance on issues and problems, as expressed through its statements, actions, or its inaction Sex Segregation of Occupations: refers to the concentration of women and men in different occupations
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