Introduction to Sociology#2

Introduction to Sociology#2 - Introduction to Sociology-...

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Introduction to Sociology- Lecture #2 (Sept 16/09) - Subject for today: CULTURE - People tend to do little rituals in order to calm themselves before they perform (eg write exams, play sports) - Culture : sum of socially transmitted ideas, practices and material objects that people create to overcome real life problems. Culture gives us guidelines for how to act - A society exists when people interact and share culture, generally in a geographically delimited area - Some inventions die but make a come back later on (eg Hero’s Aeolopile) - A Wide spread of need for something ends becomes our culture (eg computers) - Ethnocentrism: judging another culture exclusively by the standards of one’s own - Cultural relativism: the belief that all elements of all cultures should be respected as equally valid - Cliterectomy performed as a cultural ritual to girls usually around 4-14 - Important to avoid ethnocentrism, but we also have to act as important citizens to the world and protect people’s freedom, equality, justice drawing a line - Some aspects of culture can hinder your freedom (existing cultures can limit what we do), but also provides an opportunity to practice our freedom - People are less isolated than they use to be (eg religious, gender identities) - Most people in Toronto in 2001 either don’t think of themselves as Canadians, but if they do they usually have a multiple background (eg Chinese-Canadian) - Authority of science has declined as time passes (at lot of people nowadays believe it’ll harm humankind) - Postmodernism involves: 1. The eclectic mixing of cultural elements from different times and places (easier to create individualized belief systems and practices by blending facets of different cultures and historical periods) 2. The erosion of authority 3. The decline of consensus around core values (today value shifts are more rapid and consensus are broken down to many issues)
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Introduction to Sociology#2 - Introduction to Sociology-...

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