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Unformatted text preview: Sociology- Lecture #9 (Nov 18/09)- The functional Theory of Stratification o Some jobs are more important than others o Jobs that are more important require more training and sacrifice o To motivate talented people to undergo training and sacrifice, high rewards must be offered o Therefore, stratification is necessary; it performs a useful function - If you didnt have inequality (e.g. people who get paid more than others), then who would want to undergo sacrifices - This theory forgets that there is a pool of people out there who cant go to university because they cant afford it - None of the important jobs will exist without the non-important jobs - Governments and religious authority throughout the ages used taxes, ties, etc, to sustain themselves - Historically, without people doing manual labour there wont be universities which is where the lawyers, doctors, and etc - People can manipulate supply and demand - Inheritance - Carl Marx Theory of Stratification o Ability of capitalists to hire and fire wage workers at first encouraged rapid technological change...
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- Fall '08