RLG100Y1 Lecture #29 - Dhand RLG100Y1 LECTURE NOTES Page...

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Dhand RLG100Y1 Page LECTURE NOTES February 7, 2011 Two major branches of Buddhism: Theravada (meaning "of the elders") and Mahayana (meaning "greater vehicle/path") After the death of the Buddha, 31 different schools of thought developed, which can be grouped into these two major branches Hinayana is a negative way of referring to the Theravada; Mahayana is the majority and were critical of the Theravada Theravada thrived in South/South East Asia (i.e. India, Sri Lanka, etc.); Mahayana thrived everywhere else (i.e. China, Japan, Korea, etc.) Major characteristics of the Theravada: Saw themselves as practicing Buddhism closer to that practiced during the time of the Buddha himself See the Buddha as an exceptional human being, who suffered with the rest of humanity; through his own struggle, insight, and practice, he became the Buddha The concept of the Arhant is central to Theravada; Arhant = people who have achieved enlightenment; qualitatively the same enlightenment as the Buddha; Arhants seen as perfect
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course RLG 100 taught by Professor Pearly during the Fall '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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RLG100Y1 Lecture #29 - Dhand RLG100Y1 LECTURE NOTES Page...

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