23-25 MODULES

23-25 MODULES - PSYC 2000 (10.5.10) Introduction to...

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PSYC 2000 Introduction to Psychology: Learning Week 7 (10.5.10) Introduction to Psychology: Learning Learning Learning: a relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience Three types: o Classical Conditioning o Operant Conditioning o Learning by Observation Behaviorism Behaviorism: the view that (1) psychology should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes o Most researchers today agree with (1), but not with (2) We now realize that mental process are important Behaviorist: analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment o A behaviorist would say “all behavior is based on cues from the environment” Module 23: Classical Conditioning Associative Learning Associative learning: learning that certain events occur together Examples: o Classical conditioning: lightning and thunder o Operant conditioning: studying and good grades o Learning by observation: parents as role models Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning: a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events 4 components: o Unconditioned Response o Unconditioned Stimulus o Conditioned Response o Conditioned Stimulus Classical Conditioning Unconditioned response (UR): the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (US) o The US is presented, and the response is automatic. Unconditioned stimulus (US): a stimulus that unconditionally (naturally) triggers a response 1
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PSYC 2000 Introduction to Psychology: Learning Week 7 (10.5.10) o Learning doesn’t have to occur Conditioned response (CR): the learned response to a previously neutral (but now conditioned) stimulus (CS) Conditioned stimulus (CS): an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus (US), comes to trigger a conditioned response Classical Conditioning: Pavlov’s Dogs Another example: The Office; training Dwight using an Altoid Acquisition in Classical Conditioning Acquisition: initial stage, when one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus begins triggering the conditioned response o CS about ½ second before US to prepare for event Classical Conditioning Examples 2
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PSYC 2000 Introduction to Psychology: Learning Week 7 (10.5.10) 3
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23-25 MODULES - PSYC 2000 (10.5.10) Introduction to...

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