Chapter Learning Objectives Chapter 27: Prokaryotes Concept 27.1: Structural and functional adaptations contribute to prokaryotic success • Describe the structure and function of each of the following prokaryotic features: o Capsule o Fimbria o Sex pilus o Nucleoid o Plasmid o Flagellum • Describe the structure, composition, and functions of prokaryotic cell walls. • Distinguish the structure and staining properties of gram-positive bacteria from those of gram-negative bacteria. • Explain how the organization of prokaryotic genomes differs from that of eukaryotic genomes. Concept 27.2: Rapid reproduction, mutation, and genetic recombination promote genetic diversity in prokaryotes • List three factors that give rise to high levels of genetic diversity in prokaryotes. • Describe three processes that produce recombinant DNA in prokaryotes. Concept 27.3: Diverse nutritional and metabolic adaptations have evolved in
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