Day 2 - The U.S Constitution A The Desire for Collective...

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The U.S. Constitution A. The Desire for Collective Action 1. Growth of societies o Individuals o Groups o Tribes Dunbar Number (150) o Societies 2. Societies inevitably face challenges o Defend against threats o Organize behavior o Resolve disputes o Pursue common goals 3. One means of responding: politics o Politics – conflicts and struggles over leadership, structure, and policies o Government – formal political arrangements by which people rule and are ruled 4. B. The Challenge of Collection Action 1. Assumption of rational behavior o Each individual maximizes own self-interest o Defines most behavior 2. Rational behavior can have negative consequences o E.g. tragedy of the commons o Each pursuing the self-interest = destruction of all 3. Can make pursuit of common goals elusive o Public goods = non-excludable, non-subtractable o Problem of free riders 4. Cooperation difficult even with complete info o E.g. prisoner’s dilemma game o All have complete info but still don’t cooperate o
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