BOTSWANA - Background Botswana is a small landlocked...

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Background Botswana is a small landlocked country (slightly smaller than Texas) in Southern Africa; bordering South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zamibia and Namibia. With an estimated population of 1.88 million people, Botswana has been one of the most economically and politically stable African nations for the past four decades since its independence in 1966. (CIA factbook cite ). Botswana, with an estimated adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of 23.9%, is the second highest in the world (UN cite ). In 2007 it was estimated that there were 300,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in Botswana, 15,000 of which were children aged 0 to 14, and there were a reported 11,000 deaths from AIDS. ( World Bank (2002). World Bank Indicators. World Bank: Washington, D.C. ) Chobe District, Botswana – Kasane Township The Chobe district is located in the upper northeastern region of the country The 2001 Census data estimated the population to be some where around 18, 547. The district was chosen because
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it has one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence in the entire country of Botswana. On of the towns in Chobe, Kasane with a population of 7,738**, has the highest rates within the district. ***** One of the main reasons for this overly high rate in Kasane is because of it geographical location and its position as a major tourist attraction. Kasane is positioned right at the intersection of Zambia, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. The area is also home to the Chobe National Park, which is one of the country’s main tourist attractions. Government spending on HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention efforts almost doubled between 2006 and 2007 (130.9 million USD to 203.8 million USD). According to the United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) the government contributes over 80 percent of the HIV budget and is experiencing a financial strain. Target Audience The gender disparity is quite profound amongst the 15-24 year old age group, where the prevalence for young men was 5.8 in 2004 and 5.1 in 2007, while for young women, in those years respectively, the rates were 18.2 and 15.3. The populations of particular concern are orphans, youth, and women. The estimated number of orphans under age 17 in 2007 was 95,000, an increase from the 2001 figure of 57,000. The United Nations Development Program estimates that by 2010, the disease will have orphaned more than 20 percent of all children in Botswana (UNDP) HIV is most prevalent among Batswana aged 25-34 years. Young women have a higher prevalence of HIV infection than their male counterparts in the same age group The highest age-specific prevalence in the 2005 HIV sentinel survey was among women aged 30–35 years, at 49%.
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Military personnel are considered to be increasingly vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS. Objectives
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BOTSWANA - Background Botswana is a small landlocked...

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