History Test4ReviewRevised

History Test4ReviewRevised - 1. Gold Rush a. The California...

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1. Gold Rush a. The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill , in Coloma, California. [1] b. News of the discovery brought some 300,000 people to California from the rest of the United States and abroad. [2] Of the 300,000, approximately half arrived by sea and half came overland. c. The gold-seekers, called "Forty-niners" (as a reference to 1849), often faced substantial hardships on the trip. While most of the newly arrived were Americans, the Gold Rush attracted tens of thousands from Latin America, Europe, Australia, and China d. It’s a time of change 2. Fugitive Slave Law a. The Fugitive Slave Law or Fugitive Slave Act was passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers . b. This was one of the most controversial acts of the 1850 compromise and heightened Northern fears of a ' slave power conspiracy'. It declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their masters c. Mexican War led to new territories like California, New Mexico and Texas. 3. Compromise of 1850 a. The Compromise of 1850 was an intricate package of five bills, passed in September 1850, defusing a four-year confrontation between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North that arose following the Mexican- American War (1846–1848). b. Henry Clay, Webster and Calhoun all play big roles in debate c. Postpones crisis doesn’t solve it d. Still the slavery issue continued to divide the country 4. Zachary Taylor a. Was the 12th President of the United States and an American military leader . Initially uninterested in politics, Taylor nonetheless ran as a Whig in the 1848 presidential election , defeating Lewis Cass . Taylor was the last President to hold slaves while in office, and the last Whig to win a presidential election. He urged settlers in New Mexico and California to bypass the territorial stage and draft constitutions for statehood , setting the stage for the Compromise of 1850 b. Hero of the Mexican War c. No resolution of slavery so south starts talks of recession 5. Harriet Beecher Stowe a. Author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin b. An American abolitionist and author . Her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)
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depicted life for African-Americans under slavery ; it reached millions as a novel and play, and became influential in the
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History Test4ReviewRevised - 1. Gold Rush a. The California...

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