Byzantine Final Paper

Byzantine Final Paper - Patrick Kennedy Byzantines and...

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Patrick Kennedy Byzantines and Their World December 18, 2007 The Glorious Macedonian Dynasty The Macedonian Era, which occurred roughly from 867 to 1025, supposedly marked a golden period for the Byzantine Empire. The Macedonian era can be characterized as one of strong military dominance; because of their military success, the empire endured a political and territorial revival. The success of the empire can also be attributed to the fact that the territories were less geographically dispersed and more culturally integrated due to the Byzantine Renaissance, which featured a rival in art and literature. During this Macedonian Era the Greek scholars began to record and conserve the ancient Roman and Greek texts. Although the Macedonians encountered great military success and territorial gains, I feel they were unsuccessful in their land reform policies, which hurt their empire in the later years, and ultimately weaken the effectiveness of the Macedonian era. The success of the Macedonian era began with Basil I, who ruled from 867 to 886. Basil murdered his way to power, but this emperor of Armenian decent would plant the seed of successors which would last for 189 years. This is supported by the fact that Basil named his sons Constantine and Leo co-emperors. Basil began a period of territorial expansion, because of his success, the empire became to strongest power in Europe. Under the rule of Basil the empire underwent changes in judicial and administrative
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Kennedy 2 power, which would provide the structure for the empire to succeed for the next 200 years. As for as his ecclesiastical policy; Basil leaned towards supporting the Pope, in which he attempted to implement his philosophy of unification between the troubled East and West. Essentially, Basil paved the way for the Macedonian dynasty to be extremely successful because of their military dominance, material prosperity, and cultural advancement. The Macedonians encountered tremendous military success during their era which catapulted them to dominance over Europe. Throughout their era, the Macedonians controlled Adriatic Sea, Southern Italy, and all of the Bulgarian territory. The Macedonians achieved much success against the Saracens in both the East and the West, in addition to dominating the Bulgarians. Basil began the era with his dismissal of Pirates from Africa, Crete, and Cilicia who raided Greece. The termination of Pirates erased the feeling of worry throughout the costal cities, and it provided the Byzantine Navy with a strong force, who was feared throughout the region. By 871, the Macedonians began to campaign in the East. Although boarder wars against the Arabs had been persistent for years, they now reached a new level. In addition to their struggle with the Arabs, the Macedonians now faced a threat from the Paulicians as well. The Paulicians were a Christian group who were hostile to the Byzantine Empire, and they often fought under the Arab flag. The two groups fighting together posed an enormous threat to the Macedonians, who now knew that war was most likely inevitable.
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