Constructivism-Affective Factors-Acquisition.pdf - HCMC...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 14 pages.

1 Lecturer: Bui Tri Vu Nam (MA) HCMC University of Education Department of English – ELT1 From the previous lecture: x According to Mentalism, language is not a form of behavior , it is an intricate rule-based system . x One influential idea of this theory is that students should be allowed to create their own sentences based on their understanding of certain rules . I. WHY CONSTRUCTIVISM? The traditional teaching method: T= sole info.-giver ; Ss = passive (the mind is a blank tablet) => outdated b/c: emphasis is on - learning ………………………… (instead of exploring questions) - ………………………….. pieces of information (instead of understanding in context) - reading (instead of doing => fail to encourage students to work together, to share ideas and information freely with each other, or to use modern instruments to extend their intellectual capabilities.) even ss who score well on standardized tests: unable to successfully integrate or contrast memorized facts & formulae with real-life applications outside the school room. Proposed solution for this prob.: During the 1930’s and 40’s, Constructivism was the leading view of Public school educators in the U.S. II. WHAT IS CONSTRUCTIVISM? Based on the work of Jean Piaget and Jerome Bruner, Lev Vygotsky. Constructivism views learning as a process in which the learner actively constructs or builds new ideas or concepts. Constructivism has roots in philosophy, psychology, sociology, and education. This is an educational theory that places emphasis on the learner. a theory about ………………………………….. learning is ……………………………, not ……………………………… => Learners build new knowledge on the basis of …………………………………….. => They don’t …………………………………….. it. What it means is …. In order to understand something, we MUST be able to ……………….. it to something else If at all possible, ……………………………….. this knowledge during the lesson to foster concrete connections Differs from traditional view in which the mind is a …………………………… Constructivism views knowledge as “assimilated”=incorporated into ………………………………………. 2 types of C.: cognitive constructivism which is about how the individual learner understands things, in terms of developmental stages and learning styles, social constructivism , which emphasises how meanings and understandings grow out of social encounters.
2 Some historical figures who influenced constructivism: Philosophical founder : John Dewey: (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952): an American philosopher, psychologist, & ed. reformer whose thoughts and ideas have been greatly influential in the United States & around the world. Chief theorists: Jean Piaget : (9 August 1896 – 16 September 1980): a Swiss philosopher & natural scientist, well known for his work studying children, his theory of cognitive development, suggested that through processes of accommodation and assimilation , individuals construct new knowledge from their experiences.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture