Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: Research Methods Cognitive Dissonance

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 2: Research Methods Cognitive  Dissonance When your attitude does not match your behaviour,  it gives you an uncomfortable feeling. You must either change you attitude or behaviour Smoking Attitude   Behaviour Smoking is bad = Don’t smoke Smoking is bad = Want to smoke Smoking is not that bad = Can  smoke Operational  Definition Describes actions or operations that will be made to  measure or control a variable in any given study or  experiment “psychic ability”   “trip to the porch preceding  Pam’s visit W/o this operational definition,  anything can be defined by  “psych  ability” Inductive  Reasoning Making inferences using info from an individual to a  population Deductive  Reasoning Making inferences using info from a population to  an individual Steps in  Scientific  Investigation Theory Hypothesis Research Method Collect Data Analyze Data Report Findings Revise Theories “will” Variables: Independent  Dependent 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Chapter 2: Research Methods Extraneous/confounding Variables the researcher did not  manipulate or measure but they  still had an effect on the outcome;  must be controlled Groups Experimental Group Control Group Receive special treatment along IV Do not receive any treatment Experiment  Types Within-subjects experiment o Practice effects: subjects perform better on  the second of two tests simply based on  exposure Experimenter is comparing  performance of the same 
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course PSYCH 1X03 taught by Professor Jim during the Spring '09 term at McMaster University.

Page1 / 5

Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: Research Methods Cognitive Dissonance

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online