2. AP World History Main Packet 8000BCE to 600CE

2. AP World History Main Packet 8000BCE to 600CE - AP WORLD...

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AP WORLD HISTORY AP World History – Foundations 8000BCE to 600 CE 4/4/10
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Read And Know The Big Picture: The Neolithic Revolution changed the way people lived their lives The discovery of agriculture allowed people to change the way they lived. Farmers used slash and burn agriculture There was the breeding of animals More stability (a permanent settlement) led to more people (an increase in population) Farmers began to organize themselves, and began to develop a surplus of food There was specialization of labor The beginning of privately owned land led to the emergence of a wealthier class. The ownership of this land equaled economic power. Neolithic people had to face the elements. They had to learn the changes of the seasons based on the sun, moon, and starts. Religious beliefs on the life cycle included birth, growth death, and regenerated life. The Neolithic Revolution also reflected gender roles. Men were working in the fields and herding animals, which required them to be outside the home. Women preformed such jobs such as caring for the children, weaving cloth, and other homely jobs. Over time, the work outside the home seemed more important, and therefore males began to take a more dominant role in the gender relationship. In Neolithic villages, three main craft industries developed: pottery, metallurgy, and textiles. The earliest metal utilized was copper. Around 3000 BCE, Mesopotamian metalworkers used alloys to make bronze. Bronze was used as swords, spears axes, shields, armor, and plows for farming Around 1000 BCE, iron tools were introduced in Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Egypt, and Africa. The origin of the wheel is unknown, but we do know that the Sumerians used wheeled carts. The wheel turned into the standard means of transport after spreading like wildfire. Not everyone became a farmer during the Neolithic Revolution. Instead there was Pastoral Nomadism. A lifestyle that depended in their herd for survival and traveled to find grassland or steppe land required to graze. These people had difficult lives and learned military tactics to defend their herd. Farming communities often developed along river banks. As the rivers flooded and carried silt onto the land, the land became more fertile. Rivers served as a means for transportation and communication. Flood control and irrigation projects were soon developed. The cooperation of people to control the rivers led to the development of the first urban centers (cities) These cities were large, densely populated, and had many permanent settlements, all of which have many aspects in common. o
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course HISTORY 101 taught by Professor Damien during the Spring '11 term at Thomas Edison State.

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2. AP World History Main Packet 8000BCE to 600CE - AP WORLD...

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