12 - Gender Sexuality and Reproduction Sex and Gender Sex...

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Gender, Sexuality and Reproduction March 25, 2011
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Sex and Gender Sex An anatomical/biological category defined by an individual’s sexual organs (genitalia) Male/Female/Middle-sex Sex can be changed medically (transsexuals) Gender A social category, social constructed Gender is related to sex (genitalia)
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Gender Gender The meanings that a culture/society assigns to the biological traits that make use male/female These meanings provide individuals with guidelines of how to act based on their sex Culture constructs our definitions of masculinity and femininity Gender Roles The “appropriate behaviors and activities that we are “supposed to” engage in based on our gender
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Gender Gender roles are nurtured within a particular cultural system Since gender roles are culturally constructed, they are subject to change An individual can enact traditional gender roles, or can perform activities that do not coincide with his/her traditional gender roles
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12 - Gender Sexuality and Reproduction Sex and Gender Sex...

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