DSwords - GlobalValueChains Ateachactivity, activitysvalue

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Global Value Chains Chain of activities for a firm operating in a specific industry Products pass through all activities in chain in order At each activity, the product gains more and more value. Chain of activities gives the product more value than the sum of the independent  activity’s value. Requires investment in information technology, changes in organizational processes,  committed leadership, flexible jobs, adaptable employees. Export Processing Zones (EPZs) Area where tariffs and quotas are eliminated and bureaucratic requirements are lowered  in hopes of attracting foreign investments Producer- Driven vs. Buyer-Driven Commodity Chains Global Commodity Chain A network or complex of networks, or process that result in a finished  product/commodity. Link labor, production, households, states, and enterprises to each other within a global  economy. Integrate transnational labor processes and corporations involved in global sourcing and  global marketing of products. Input-output structure, territoriality, governance structure. Length, depth, density. Challenges idea that capitalism is a process contained within nation-states by tracking the  organizational, geographical, and cultural dimensions of world-wide chains for the  manufacture and distribution of goods  Producer driven GCC Large usually transnational manufacturers play the central roles in coordinating  production networks. Characteristic of intensive industries like automobiles, aircraft, computers,  semiconductors, heavy machinery. Spread is transnational, but number of countries in commodity chain and their levels of  development are varied. Buyer driven GCC Industries in which large retailers, marketers, and branded manufacturers play the pivotal  roles in setting up decentralized production networks in a variety of exporting countries  typically located in the third world
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course ENG 100 taught by Professor Posh during the Summer '11 term at San Mateo Colleges.

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DSwords - GlobalValueChains Ateachactivity, activitysvalue

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