Sudy Guide for Finals - Chpater-1 Stress Physiology What is...

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Chpater-1 Stress Physiology What is stress? Stress is defined as transaction----physical and emotional wear and tear resulting from real or imagined problems. Types of problems include: -------P.3 Pressure, such as the effort required raise a family and earn a living: o Industrial-strength pressure Conflicts, such as choosing between alternative careers o Decision, decision, decision: Do I take Job A or B…I like both and pay equally… ( A pproach-approach conflicts are those in which we have to choose between two equally describable) ( Approach-Avoidance conflict involves having to choose whether or not to pursue a course that has either positive and negative qualities or consequences). ( A double approach-avoidance conflict means having to choose between two alternatives, each of which has positive and negative attributes.) Frustrations, consider the case of one man, married more than thirty years The human organism wears down with problems and age much the same as physical structures deteriorate from weather and time. They may occur on the job or in the home. Hana Selye STUDY The General adaptation syndrome: is triggered by any threat to the physical or emotional well- being of the organism. The response occurs in three phase: 1. The alarm reaction 2. The resistance stage 3. The exhaustion stage The alarm reaction: Cortical hormone levels rise, emotions heighten, and tension increases. The Resistance Stage: cortical hormones maintain high levels, physiological efforts to deal with stress reach full capacity, and resistance by means of defense mechanisms and coping strategies intensity. The Exhaustion Stage: Resistance to continuing stress begins to fall. Death may result. This syndrome was introduced by Hana Selye in 1930s. Sely search for a word to describe this syndrome and “STRESS” was born. He was recognized as the father of stress physiology and stress education. The Fight-or-flight response: when treat to well-being is perceived, a small area of the brain known as the hypothalamus is activated. Selye Types of stress Eustress, ( good stress)
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Distress, (bad stress) Eustress: an active family, winning competitive event. ..these experiences---can be good stress. Distress: loneliness, sickness, and undesirable experience—can be bad stress. Chapter-2: Stress in your world Post-Traumatic Disorder (PTSD) Catastrophes are different from everyday stressors. In general, they are distinguished by eight characteristics: 1. Type (Natural event versus human-caused event) 2. Duration (short-term accident v. long-term sickness) 3. Personal impact (losing one’s family v. losing one’s hair) 4. Damage (visible and widespread v. hidden and localized) 5. Occurrence (One-time lightning strike v. annual tax season) 6. Degree of Warning (sudden disaster v. one anticipated or predicted) 7. Presence of a low point at which the worst is over (certain v. uncertain) 8. Perception of Control (external v. internal locus of control)
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course LAWE 331 taught by Professor Christiandobratz during the Fall '10 term at Minnesota State University, Mankato.

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Sudy Guide for Finals - Chpater-1 Stress Physiology What is...

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