GOEGexam3

GOEGexam3 - Latin America and the Caribbean 15:27 Latin...

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Unformatted text preview: Latin America and the Caribbean 15:27 Latin America doesnt make sense (because they speak romance languages not latin) Physical Geography 3 major zones Central America Mexico Guatemala, el Salvador panama, Caribbean Cuba, Bahamas, South America Largest, former Spanish pr Brazilian colony The Highlands Much of Mexico sits atop a plateau with basins and volcanic peaks, and high mountains, Mexico city is 7,000 ft above sea level (natives have larger lung capacity) Active tectonic zone (lots of volcanoes, and risk of earthquakes) Central American Volcanic Axis Peaks at 12,000 ft, el salvaor rebuilt 9 times from collapsing from earthquakes Caribbean Mountain range that runs east to west across the islands: cuba, hispanola Haiti, Puerto rico Made of limestone, not volcanic Lowlands Fairly narrow Yucatan peninsula- (limestone) karst topography- not a lot of rain but water travels and erodes through the rocks- creates holes and caverns in the rock, (therefore not much surface water) South American Highlands Andes Mountains- west coast Peaks over 20,000 ft (narrower than rockies) Collision of the South American plate with pacific ocean plate Interior Highlands- high plateaus Brazilian shield & Guiana Shield Lowlands Amazon Basin Lots of rivers, lots of rain to atlantic, Grand Choco basin- grassland Llanos- narrow basin contains Orinoco river Climate Tropical wet climate AF- warm year round, lots of rain, in Northern South American (no variation of temp, always turned towards the sun) Store carbon in the rainforests AW zones- steady temps but seasonal rain, on either side of rainforests, most rain during the summer BW- deserts extremely arid Peru and chile are some of the driest places on earth (no measurable rain), plants live with moisture from fog Water drains off Andes through desert Humid Subtropical (much like Baton Rouge) Obvious variations between cool winters and hit summers Marine West Coast Climate Westerlies blowing moisture on shore (steady rainfall), cool all year round (like Seattle) Altitudinal Zonation Climate Change based on altitude that South Americans use Tierra Caliente- (sea level-3,000 ft) hot, lowland, sugar cane, fruits Tierra Templada- 3-6,000 ft more moderate temps, average temp drops by 2.5 degress per 1000 ft, ie costa rica, grow coffee, maize Tierra Fria (6-12,000) Wheat, barely, sheep, llamas, tubers (potatoes), guinea pigs Tierra Helada Similar, tubers, highland grain Snowline- so little heat snow is there year round (glaciers) Environmental Issues Oil in the Amazon Beginning in 1970s more exploration in remote places Impacts...
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GOEGexam3 - Latin America and the Caribbean 15:27 Latin...

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