POL101 Lecture 2 Notes

POL101 Lecture 2 Notes - POL 101 9/6/11 lecture notes...

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POL 101 9/6/11 lecture notes
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Cooperation and approaches to study world politics Dominance — Realism (power politics) Self-interest, State actors, Anarchy ( relative gains ) => Balance of power, Hegemonic stability theory Reciprocity — Liberalism Self-interest, Institutions, International Structure ( absolute gains ) => Collective security and Democratic peace Identity — Idealism and Constructivism Altruism, Norms and Ideas, Community ( altruistic, socially constructed preferences ) => Re-identification of national interests
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Normative and positive theories Realism : power politics, pursuit of security and power (power = security) Liberalism : mutually beneficial cooperation via democratic and economic development Idealism, constructivism : socially constructed reality, ideal world Normative theories : how the world ought to be Positive theories : what the world really is Both realism and liberalism are primarily positive theories Theories to explain processes in the real world Normative aspects of liberalism? A note on “hawkish” liberalism and “dovish” realism.
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Note on other approaches. Constructivism. Focus on: norms, identity, and social interaction. How do actors define their national interests, threats to those interests, and their relationships to one another? Changes in identity > power politics Soft power > military force National interests : can be anything (socially constructed) Preferences : can be altruistic (opposite of self-interest) International structure : can be a “family”, “community”
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course POL 101 taught by Professor Sekercioglu during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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POL101 Lecture 2 Notes - POL 101 9/6/11 lecture notes...

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