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Unformatted text preview: The Glory That Was Greece: Lecture Outlines Part 2: Archaic Greece Start of QUIZ 3 2.1. Geometric Greece Pottery, Chronology &amp; Culture pottery: the plastic(&amp; note paper) of the ancient world-durable: fragments remain near site of use-pervasive: storage, transport, daily use containers; graves-traded: distribution follows economic/cultural influence -identification: type of clay, manufacture (wheel) Painting: mainly expensive, heirloom items Inscriptions: for user; makers marks Periods (as always, artificial) By stratigraphy, artistic development EIA-Archaic periods Submycenaean (1125-1050 BCE) Proto-Geometric through Geometric (1050-700) Orientalizing (700-550) Attic Black Figure (625-525) and Red Figure (525 on) Geometric Greece (900-700 BCE) geometric pottery-named for common designs on pottery-technology: wheel, compass,, glazes Increased elaborate designs-Post-Bronze Age tendency to avoid representational art Rare, then more common (horse) spirit of the age-increased sense of stability, optimism after Dark Ages-larger building projects-greater diversity, number of material goods,; grave goods-communities turn outward: trade, colonization, war-return of contact with foreign ideas: technologies, arts, institutions demography of Geometric Greece-gradual increase in population 1000-800-phenomenal 3-4% yearly increase in 8 th-7 th centuries public works-walls: first in 9 th century (Smyrna), becoming common by 7 th Encompass entire community (contrast Bronze Age palaces)-temples: monumental (large &amp;lasting), made of stone- agora: command center of community (contrast BA palaces) Undeveloped, open to public revival of contacts-among Greek communities: emerging of regional identities (leagues, cults)-with non-Greeks: Greek tradingposts overseas (emporia, singular emporion) Ex: Al Mina in modern Lebanon (founded 825 BCE), Eubia, Corinth, Aegean islanders early; Athens later-trading-posts in foreign lands- emporia : Al Mina; Naukratis [Dillon 2.31] colonization -encounters with natives, competing colonizers (Phoenicians) War: Greek mercenaries [Dillon 2.32] The Greek Renaissance of the 8th century (800-700 BCE) culmination of trends -increased population, increased contacts-recovery of technologies (writing, architecture, etc. )-psychology: sense of optimism compared to Dark Ages pressures within archaic Greek society -expanding population, limited land, new opportunities economy and way of life land ownership &amp; standard of living-balancing of power within ruling classes (landowning aristocracy)-free working class: limited participation in most communities-slavery: persistence/ resurgence of an old evil-newfound wealth; small landowners, traders, artisans regional identities-earliest post-BA inscriptions show dialect differentiation-other evidence: pottery, burial customs-emergence of regional cults (ex: Olympia) 2.2. Colonization and Literacy Greek colonization colony: apoikia, apo- away from+ oikos houses, home significance...
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