This conclusion -...

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This conclusion, however, does not follow from the facts. It is quite possible that one's objective may  be the welfare of others, and any pleasure which he may or may not receive from it is merely  incidental to the action itself. An act that is performed for the sake of others can be called a selfish  act only by defining selfishness so broadly that it would be logically impossible to have an exception  to it. In this case, the term would become meaningless since it would be equivalent to saying that  one does what he does. For self-love, or selfishness, to be a meaningful term, it must be defined in a  way that is exclusive of some actions. In other words, it must be possible to distinguish between  those actions which are exclusive of the welfare of others and those which are inclusive of it. Only  the former can rightly be designated as acts of self-love. The third appendix explains somewhat further the meaning of the term 
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '11 term at University of Houston.

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