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Unformatted text preview: With reference to those who have insisted that pure selfishness is the sole basis for all morality, Hume points out that their doctrine rests on unproved and unwarranted assumptions. They have maintained that all actions are necessarily selfish because human nature is so constituted that no one can act contrary to his own interests. In support of this position, they have argued that the rules governing moral conduct have been put forth by politicians and other persons who have occupied positions of power. They have made the rules in harmony with their own selfish interests although they have, at the same time, pretended that they were made in the interests of their subjects. Anyone who wants to exploit others for his own gain will always find that it is much to his advantage to get people to believe he is acting in their behalf rather than for his own interests. It is even possible for a people to believe he is acting in their behalf rather than for his own interests....
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- Fall '11