baseball presentation notes

baseball presentation notes - Olympic Drug Testing...

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Olympic Drug Testing 1980-1993 Tests begin to work Most International Sports Federations introduced drug testing by the 1970s. The use of anabolic steroids was becoming widespread, however, especially in strength events, as there was no way of detecting them yet. A reliable test method was finally introduced in 1974 and the IOC added anabolic steroids to its list of prohibited substances in 1976. This resulted in a marked increase in the number of drugs disqualifications in the late 1970s, notably in strength-related sports such as throwing events and weightlifting. Anti-doping work was complicated in the 1970s and 1980s by suspicions of state- sponsored doping being practiced in some countries. As regards the former German Democratic Republic these doubts have later been largely substantiated. The most famous doping case of the 1980's concerned Ben Johnson, the 100-metre champion who tested positive for stanozolol (anabolic steroid) at the Olympic Games in Seoul, 1988. Johnson's case focused world's attention to the doping problem in an unprecedented degree. There is an evident connection between more effective test methods and a remarkable drop in the level of top results in some sports in the 1990s, notably in track and field athletics. While the fight against stimulants and steroids was producing results, the main front in the anti-doping war was rapidly shifting to blood doping. "Blood boosting", removal and subsequent re-infusion of the athlete's blood in order to increase the level of oxygen- carrying haemoglobin, has been practiced since the 1970s. The IOC banned blood doping as a method in 1986. Other ways of increasing the level of haemoglobin were being experimented, however. One of these was erythropoietin (EPO), which was included in the IOC's list of prohibited substances in 1990. Fight against EPO was long hampered by lack of a reliable testing method. An EPO detection test, based on a combination of blood and urine analysis, was first implemented at the Sydney Olympic Games in 2000. But in the 1970s and
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baseball presentation notes - Olympic Drug Testing...

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