This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: BILINGUALISM
DEFINITIONS Bloomfield 1933
Bloomfield Perfect, no loss of the native language; Undistinguished from native speakers;
Undistinguished native-like control of two languages". Bilingualism
Definitions: Proposed by: Bloomfied: 1933 McNamara: 1967 Mackey: 1968 Haugen: 1969 Fishman: 1971 Thiery: 1978 Thiery 1978
True bilingual: accepted by members of two
different linguistic communities As one of their own
As Haugen 1969
Speaker of one language can produce
complete, meaningful utterances in the
Pass as a native in more than one linguistic
environment Fishman 1971
functionally balanced bilinguals (who use
both their languages equally and equally
well in all contexts
well must soon cease to be bilingual because no
society needs two languages for one and the
same set of functions".
same Mackey 1968
Alternate use of two or more languages Degree of proficiency in each language
depends on its function
depends Uses to which bilingual puts the language
Uses conditions under which he has used it
conditions Macnamara 1967
possesses at least one language skill even to
a minimal degree in a second language
minimal Example, a native speaker of Swahili who
speaks English but never learned to read
and write it".
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course AAS 250 taught by Professor Karemel during the Spring '11 term at University of Leeds.
- Spring '11