KOREAN AMERICANS, Chapter 10

KOREAN AMERICANS, Chapter 10 - KOREAN AMERICANS Chapter 10...

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KOREAN AMERICANS Chapter 10
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Introduction Newly emerging Asian ethnic community American presence in South Korea Korean American war: 1950-1953 1970: 70,000 Korean Americans 2,000: 1.1 million Korean Americans Homogeneity, affiliation with Korean church, concentration in small business
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Introduction, Contd. Above 3 factors have contributed to Since 1990’s, significant changes Increase in the number of 1.5 generation and second generation Korean adults To what extent have they lost their ethnic attachment and solidarity?
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Immigration History and Trends Pre-1965 immigration Diplomatic relations between US & Korea established in 1884 Small number of Korean students& politicians came Between 1903-1905: 7,200 Koreans came to HI to work on sugar plantations
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Pre-1965 Immigration, Contd . 2003, Centennial of Koreans in US 3 reasons for Korean laborers arrival: A. Korean famine turn of 20 th Century B. Demand for cheap labor in HI C. Horace Allen, a Presbyterian minister
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Pre-1965 Immigration, Contd. Since 1884: American missionaries actively converting Koreans to Christianity 40% were converts to Christianity Koreans needed to offset striking Japanese workers 1905: Japan made Korea its protectorate
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Pre-1965 Immigration, Contd. 1906: Japan asked that all Koreans in the US be placed under Japanese Consulate Koreans in US resented this move Protests in HI and other places Condemned Japan’s aggression Koreans in US started anti-Japanese movement even before the annexation of Korea by Japan
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Pre-1965 Immigration, Contd. 1905-1924: about 2,000 Koreans came to HI and CA Majority were picture brides of 1903- 1905 bachelor immigrants Another 600: political refugees, students Involved in Independence movement Japanese occupation: 1910-1945
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Pre-1965 Immigration, Contd. Most refugees & students in the N. East Studied at Columbia, Princeton, NYU Most returned to Korea in 1945 Most had come from Seoul, Inchon, and other urban areas, unlike the Chinese & Japanese who had come from rural areas Protestant background also separated from early Chinese and Japanese
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Pre-1965 Immigration, Contd. Most Koreans in HI attended churches Helped them to form ethnic community Korean churches became centers for independence movement against Japan 1948: Division of Korea South: Democratic. .supported by US North: Communist. . by Soviet Union
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Pre-1965 Immigration, Contd. 1950-1953: First ideological conflict between North & South Korea, known as the Korean American war US sent more than ½ million US soldiers to S. Korea, many died Still maintains 37,000 US soldiers there Strong military, political, and economic linkages between US and Korea
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1965: Increase in Asian immigration Korea: major Asian immigration
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KOREAN AMERICANS, Chapter 10 - KOREAN AMERICANS Chapter 10...

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