fa04_lex11fwd - 1.221J/11.527J/ESD.201J Transportation...

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1.221J/11.527J/ESD.201J Transportation Systems Fall 2004 LECTURE 11 (and forward) : TRAVELER TRANSPORTATION DISPLAYS SPEAKER: Joseph M. Sussman MIT
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Traveler Transportation Outline Differences between Traveler and Freight Transportation A Brief History of Metropolitan Areas Some Transportation History Automobile Transportation Urban Public Transportation Intercity Traveler Transportation Air Transportation Rail Transportation Mexico City Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) 2
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Differences between Traveler and Freight Transportation The Transportation Process Safety and Security Level-of-Service Variables Groups Motivation for Travel Travel as Discretionary Success in the Marketplace CLASS DISCUSSION 3
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Substitutability of Communications and Transportation Two opposing perspectives: Communications will greatly reduce the need for transportation because of the telecommuting option; people will not have to actually physically be at the office to make a contribution. On the other hand, while telecommuting may occur, the economic interactions that will occur as a result of enhanced communication may generate more travel than is saved by the telecommuting option. 4
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Core and Garden Cities (after Lay) Rail Spokes Core City “Garden” Cities at human scale Figure 21.2 5
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The U.S. Model “Infill” between the “Spokes” (after Lay) Rail Spokes Core City “Infill” Figure 21.3 6
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Other Urban Questions Suburbanization Mega-Cities Ring-Roads “Edge Cities” 7
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Land Use and Public Transportation You cannot separate transportation policy from the way in which land is used: for residences, for shopping, for jobs. Land use and transportation are hand-in-glove. Low-density development patterns make providing public transportation services extremely difficult. Experts from the fields of urban policy, real estate development, regional economics, municipal finance, landscape ecology, transportation, urban air quality, public health and civil engineering are needed. 8
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The T-Shaped “New Transportation Professional” Breadth in: Transportation Fundamentals In-depth knowledge - technology within a - systems transportation - institutions specialty Sussman, Joseph M., “Educating the ‘New Transportation Professional’”, ITS Quarterly , Summer 1995. Figure 21.4 9
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MOBILITY VS. ACCESSIBILITY Mobility – The ability to move people and freight freely Accessibility – The ability to reach attractive destinations 10
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THE STARBUCKS MODEL 2 * * * 1 * * 3 * Zone 4 JMS NO STARBUCKS Zone i * = Starbucks How can I improve my accessibility to Starbucks? I could move closer to one Starbucks could build one near me The transportation system could improve 11
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