When the American Civil War began, Twain's allegiance tended to be somewhat southern due to his regional heritage, but his brother Orion convinced him to go west on an expedition, a trip which became the subject of a later work Roughing It. Even though some of his letters and accounts of traveling had been published earlier, Twain actually launched his literary career with the short story "The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," published in 1865. Because of the acclaim of Roughing It , Twain gave up his career as a journalist-reporter and began writing seriously. His fame as a writer was immediate; one of his first efforts, Innocents Abroad , became an immediate best seller, and it is still one of his most popular works. The satire that Twain
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