PowerPoint_Lecture_Section_1.1

PowerPoint_Lecture_Section_1.1 - Section 1.1 Defining...

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Section 1.1 Defining Culture, Society, and Technology Section Readings Nolan and Lenski: Chapter 1 Williams (1983) “ Culture Napoleon Chagnon (1977) “ Doing Fieldwork Among  the Yanomamo Clifford Geertz (1973) “ Deep Play: Notes on the  Balinese Cockfight Nolan and Lenski: Chapter 2 Volti: Chapter 1
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Anthropology and Sociology Cultural Anthropology – one of four fields of anthropology; involves the study of human culture and society, cultural variation in particular. Sociology – the scientific study of human social behavior in groups and of the social forces that influence that behavior.
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Technology and Social/Cultural Change Introducing the unit: The first third of this course is devoted toward exploring the basic concepts of culture, society, technology, and how the three interact to create change. We will explore the concepts in section one and how they relate to social/cultural change in sections two and three.
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Nolan and Lenski: Chapter One “The Human Condition” Patrick Nolan and Gerhard Lenski’s approach to the study of human societies is more sociological than anthropological, but it does include an element of focus on earlier, more primitive types of societies. They take a macrosociological approach to the study of human societies and examine how they are influenced by biophysical and human social environmental factors.
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Human Societies (Definition) A human society is a population that is politically autonomous and whose members engage in a broad range of cooperative activities. Societal organization is an adaptive mechanism where-in individuals cooperate to their mutual benefit.
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Human Societies (Characteristics) Societies are embedded in and influenced by their physical environment. Societies possess a symbolic cultural heritage that consists of practically all of the information that is available within a society. As societies evolve, this heritage grows.
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Symbols Symbols -“An information conveyer whose form and meaning have developed within a community of users.” Animals can learn symbols, but only humans can create them! Symbols’ meanings are not fixed
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Raymond Williams - “Culture” Culture as: 1) A noun describing a general process of intellectual, spiritual, and aesthetic development since the 18 th century (similar to “civilization”). 2) A noun indicating a particular way of life. 3) A noun describing works and practices of intellectual and especially artistic activity.
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Raymond Williams – “Culture” “The confusion of meanings inherent in culture offers insight into the complex relationship between our material (production) and symbolic (meanings) worlds.” Saw culture as “the outcome of the meanings we produce out of our ordinary, daily lives.”
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19 th and 20 th Century Notions of Culture
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“That complex whole which includes knowledge, belief,
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PowerPoint_Lecture_Section_1.1 - Section 1.1 Defining...

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