Sir Isaac Newton and the Unification of Physics & Astronomy Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) was by many standards the most important figure in the development of modern science. Many would credit he and Einstein with being the most original thinkers in that development.The Accomplishments of NewtonNewton's accomplishments were of astonishingly broad scope. For example, as a sidelight to his fundamental contributions in physics and astronomy, he (in parallel with Liebnitz) invented the mathematical discipline of calculus, so if you have to take both physics and calculus courses, you have Newton to blame! No survey course such as this one can possibly do justice to what Newton accomplished. The poet Alexander Pope was moved to pen the linesNature and Nature's laws lay hid in night; God said, Let Newton be! and all was lightand a study of Newton's discoveries suggests that Pope was indulging only slightly in hyperbole. We shall concentrate on three
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