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Necrotizing FasciitisSymptoms

Necrotizing FasciitisSymptoms - have sometimes been...

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Necrotizing Fasciitis Symptoms Fascia is a connective tissue that lies between tissue layers, surrounds organs and forms muscle sheaths. If an infection gains a stronghold within the fascia is can spread very rapidly under the surface of the skin. Symptoms of Necrotizing Fasciitis include:- Initially patients may complain of excessive pain around an area of trauma that seems disproportionate to the injury Later symptoms include signs of inflammation (Rubor, Calor and Tumor) Over the course of 24-48 hours the skin may become discoloured (purple/black) and blistered, containing blood stained fluid As the blisters rupture they reveal necrotic underlying tissue Throughout the later stages of the condition patients appear very ill, have a high swinging fever and possibly signs of Disseminating Intravascular Coagulation Causes Necrotizing Fasciitis is usually caused by infection with Group A Streptococci, but other bacterial species
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Unformatted text preview: have sometimes been involved, such as Staphylococcus aureus. The bacteria release toxins that destroy the deeper tissues and thrombose the blood vessels that nourish the skin, causing it to necrose. Group A Streptococci are often found on the skin, in the nose and throat, of healthy people. Occasionally the bacteria can cause a wide range of conditions including:-• Impetigo • Erysipelas • Cellulitis • Pharyngitis • Tonsillitis • Scarlet Fever In its earlier stages Necrotizing Fasciitis may be confused with other skin infections such as Cellulitis and Erysipelas. Necrotizing Fasciitis is rare in healthy people but is more common in certain at risk groups, including those with:-• Diabetics • Renal failure • Malignancy • Suppressed immunity • Peripheral Vascular Disease • Chronic Venous Insufficiency • Surgical sites...
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