{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Cellulitis Symptom1 - Diagnosis The diagnosis of Cellulitis...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Cellulitis Symptoms Cellulitis commonly involves the lower limb, but may occur anywhere. Patients often complain of a very painful spreading skin infection that is red, warm, and swollen. This lesion will typically have indistinct borders. If the lesions has a raised, sharply demarcated edge and it resembles Cellulitis, it is more likely to be Erysipelas. Causes Cellulitis is predominently due to an acute infectious cause – most commonly due to Beta-haemolytic streptococci (GAS) and Staph. aureus. These infections principally involve the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. A small number of other organs may uncommonly cause Cellulitis (e.g. Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Risk factors = prior episode of Cellulitis, concurrent wound, prior fungal infection, lymphoedema, and venous insufficiency or chronic leg oedema. Epidemiology Cellulitis is a common condition that presents in general practice and the acute setting. Typically, it occurs more commonly in men than women, and the lower extremity is often the most frequently affect site.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Diagnosis The diagnosis of Cellulitis is largely based on clinical findings of an acute onset, red and painful area of skin. There may also be constitutional symptoms of fever, chills, and malaise. All patients have a raised WCC and elevated ESR +/- elevated CRP. Skin and blood culture are non-specific and are not recommended. Treatment • In a low risk MRSA patient, treatment with a beta-lactam antibiotic (e.g. cefalexin) for 7 – 10 days. • If at risk of MRSA (hospital care exposure, IV drug users, military personnel), treatment with a non-beta-lactam antibiotic (e.g. Vancomycin IV) is recommended. • If frequent relapses (3 or more per year), prophylaxis with a penicillin or macrolide may be beneficial (e.g. phenoxymethylpenicillin) Prognosis Most episodes of Cellulitis resolve with therapy, and major complications usually do not occur. Prevention Controlling breaks in the skin and treating tinea pedis have been shown to prevent cellulitis....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 2

Cellulitis Symptom1 - Diagnosis The diagnosis of Cellulitis...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online