Acute confusional states

Acute confusional states - Acute confusional states...

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Acute confusional states Delirium or acute confusional state is a common and severe neuropsychiatric syndrome with core features of acute onset and fluctuating course, attentional deficits and generalized severe disorganization of behaviour. It typically involves other cognitive deficits, changes in arousal (hyperactive, hypoactive, or mixed), perceptual deficits, altered sleep-wake cycle, and psychotic features such as hallucinations and delusions. It is often caused by a disease process outside the brain, such as infection (UTI, pneumonia) or drug effects, particularly anticholinergics or other CNS depressants (benzodiazepines and opioids). Symptoms You should always examine the patient: General physical examination Signs of infection Signs of focal neurology Definition: Varying levels of consciousness Global impairment in mental functioning Often disoriented Slowing of motor and mental activity may lead to apathy Many appear anxious, irritable and agitated
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Acute confusional states - Acute confusional states...

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